Della prostata in dіtey

Tumore della Prostata

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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer to affect males in the United States. In fact, inthe American Cancer Society ACS predict that there will be aroundnew diagnoses of prostate cancer and around 31, deaths from this type of cancer. Around 1 in 9 males della prostata in dіtey receive a diagnosis of prostate cancer della prostata in dіtey some point in their life.

However, only 1 in 41 of these will die as a result of it. This is because treatment is effective, especially in the della prostata in dіtey stages. Routine screening enables doctors to detect many cases of prostate della prostata in dіtey before they spread.

There are often no symptoms during the early stages of prostate cancer, but screening can detect changes that can indicate cancer. Screening involves a test that measures levels of PSA in the blood.

High levels suggest that cancer may be present. Males who do experience symptoms may notice:. Is prostate cancer the only cause of blood in the urine? Learn more here. How likely is back pain to indicate later stage prostate cancer? In the sections below, we list some treatment options for each stage of prostate cancer, as well as some new approaches and what treatment means for fertility:.

Prostate cancer grows slowly, and the risk of side effects may outweigh the need for immediate treatment. A surgeon may carry out a prostatectomy. They can remove the prostate gland using either laparoscopic or open surgery. Brachytherapy : A doctor will implant radioactive seeds into the prostate to deliver targeted radiation treatment.

Conformal radiation therapy : This targets a specific area, minimizing the risk to healthy tissue. Another type, called intensity modulated radiation therapyuses beams with variable intensity.

Treatment will depend on various factors. A doctor will discuss the best option for the individual. As cancer grows, it can spread throughout the body. If it spreads, or if it comes back after remission, the treatment options will change. Chemotherapy : This can kill cancer cells around the body, but it can cause adverse effects.

Hormonal therapy : Androgens are male hormones. The main androgens are testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Blocking or reducing these hormones appears to stop della prostata in dіtey delay the growth of cancer cells. One option is to undergo surgery to remove the testicles, which produce most of the body's hormones.

Various drugs can also help. Lupron is a kind of hormone therapy that doctors use to treat prostate cancer. What does this treatment involve? Most doctors do not recommend surgery in the later stages, as it does not treat cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. However, some experts della prostata in dіtey suggested that it may help in some cases. Some newer approaches aim to treat prostate cancer della prostata in dіtey the side effects that other treatment options can bring.

After surgery, a doctor will continue to monitor PSA levels. Learn more here about what to expect. The prostate gland plays a role in sexual reproduction. Prostate cancer and many of its treatments affect fertility in several ways.

For example, if a male has surgery to remove either the prostate gland or the testicles, it will affect semen production and fertility. Also, radiation therapy can affect prostate tissue, damaging sperm and reducing the amount of semen for transporting it.

However, there is no guarantee that fertility will remain intact after treatment for prostate cancer. Anyone della prostata in dіtey would della prostata in dіtey to have children after treatment should discuss fertility options with their doctor when they devise their treatment plan.

Cancerous or precancerous cells in the prostate gland are called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia PIN. At first, the changes will be slow, and the cells will not be cancerous. However, they can become cancerous with time. Cancer cells can be high or low grade.

High grade cells are more likely to grow and spread, while low grade cells are not likely to grow and are not a cause for concern. Doctors do not know exactly why prostate cancer occurs, but the following risk factors may make it more likely:. Age : The risk increases after the age of 50, but it is rare before the della prostata in dіtey of Race or ethnicity : It is more common in black males than white ,ales.

Asian and Hispanic males have a lower risk than della prostata in dіtey males or white males. Family history : If a male has a close relative with a history of prostate cancer, they have a higher chance of developing it themselves.

Mutations in these genes increase the chance of breast cancer in females, too. Men born with Lynch syndrome also have a higher risk of prostate and other cancers.

There is some evidence to suggest that other factors may play a role, but scientists need more evidence to confirm their involvement:. Can alcohol increase the risk of prostate cancer? Click here to learn more. People assigned male at birth can develop prostate cancer whether they remain male or not. Trans women who use hormone therapy such as estrogen may have a della prostata in dіtey riskbut the risk is still della prostata in dіtey. Knowing the stage of prostate cancer can help a person understand what to expect, and it will inform decisions about treatment.

We list the stages below:. Stage 0: Precancerous cells are present, but they only della prostata in dіtey a small area and are slow growing. Localized stage 1 : Cancer is only present in the prostate gland.

Effective treatment is possible at this stage. Distant stage 4 : Cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs or bones. If a male has symptoms that may indicate prostate cancer, the doctor will likely :. During a DRE, the doctor will check manually for any abnormalities of the prostate with their finger.

A transrectal ultrasound : This involves inserting a probe with a camera into the rectum. A biopsy : A doctor will take a tissue sample for examination under a microscope. Based on past statistics, the ACS expect the following percentages of people, on della prostata in dіtey, to survive for at della prostata in dіtey another 5 years after diagnosis:. Many people live longer than this, however. The best way to detect prostate cancer in the early stages is to attend regular screening.

Anyone who has not yet attended screening should ask their doctor about the options. The American Urology Association recommend screening at 40 years for African American males and those with family history of cancers, and at 55 years for others. Treatment for prostate is very effective in the early stages. A prostatectomy is one possible treatment for early stage prostate cancer. What are the most common causes of pelvic pain in men? A number of conditions can cause pelvic pain or pressure in a man.

Find out more. A number of tests can help a doctor diagnose prostate cancer. Q: When should a male start having screening for prostate cancer? A: The American Urology Association recommend screening at 40 years for African American males and those with family history of cancers, and at 55 years for others. Seunggu Han, MD Answers represent della prostata in dіtey opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.